Meet our Team

Meet the people behind the research. They are available to guide you through the course materials during group sessions.


Dr. Mervyn Conroy - Director

Dr. Meryvn Conroy


Dr Mervyn Conroy is Director of The Phronesis Foundation and Honorary Senior Fellow, Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham. For more than 20 years he taught leadership, ethics and organizational change at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. He has also worked as a fully qualified NHS Psychological Services practitioner blending a patient caseload with leadership research and coaching commissions inside and outside the healthcare sector. He taught on the International MBA at Lancaster University where he also completed his Ph.D. In addition to publications in professional journals he is the author of An Ethical Approach to Leading Change: An Alternative and Sustainable Application and has chapters published in Developing Leadership: Questions Business Schools Don’t Ask?, The New Public Leadership Challenge and Leadership Matters: Finding Voice, Connection and Meaning in the 21 st Century. His scholarly and curricular interests include models of leading change to health and social care services and the application of practice virtue ethics and phronesis to ethical decision making for clinicians and managers. He has worked as a consultant on a variety of commissions including healthcare executive education, leadership coaching and service redesign. He holds a doctorate in Management Learning and (Healthcare) Leadership and a Postgraduate Certificate in Management qualification from Lancaster University. Over the past ten years a series of successful Research Council awards as Principal Investigator and Co-Investigator led to the research that The Phronesis Foundation is now drawing on to support ethical decision making inside and outside the healthcare sector.

Catherine Hale


Catherine Hale, LLB (Hons), MSc, PGCE, Barrister at Law (Middle Temple), Mediator (CEDR accredited), is Co-director of the Phronesis foundation and is an Associate Professor based in the Medical School at the University of Warwick, where she teaches medical law and ethics in both the Medical and Law School; she is also a Theme Lead on the MBChB; Academic Lead for postgraduate medicine learning development and will be Warwick’s Course Director for the new online Masters degree in Medical Education which will be run as a joint initiative between Warwick and the specialist online learning development company: Iheed. She is an influential legal and ethical expert on issues related to health care and medical law, particularly current ethical issues. As a regular speaker at external events and media commentator she has provided external lectures and commentary on key health care and legal issues. In her own words about Phronesis and the Foundation… ‘I’ve been part of the Phronesis team, and been working with Merv my fellow Co-Director, right from the genesis of the Phronesis Foundation; when we first started to discuss in 2014 about how best to examine how ethical virtues are being used in every day healthcare practice by doctors. We set out right at the very beginning when submitting the grant application to the Arts and Humanities Research Council, not just to capture the virtues of doctors as a community and the extent they are being used in healthcare, but also most importantly about how we could share this capture of a virtue map to create high fidelity teaching resources; which could be used to nuture the identified phronetic core virtues in our next generation of medical students, doctors and healthcare workers. The aim was also to be able to provide support and an ethical framework for existing medical practitioners to use in order that they could use our virtue map to reflect and chart courses of practice to resolve ethical dilemmas and optimise patient care and safety. We are now at a point that we can say not only do we have that virtue map for the medical profession but also that the map is highly accessible and in engaging video format (with teaching resources if required for undergraduates). I come to the Foundation from a background of teaching medical ethics and law to undergraduate and post-graduate students since 2000, where my focus and passion has been to teach and nurture medical students and qualified clinical practitioners in order that they feel confident that they can make good ethical decisions that promote patient wellbeing, safety and optimal clinical practice. I am very proud of my involvement with the Phronesis Foundation because it is the embodiment of all I have tried to achieve in my academic career.’


Dr. Aisha Y Malik


Aisha started her career as a physician (Haematologist). As a practicing doctor, a teacher and a researcher, she realized the importance of ethics in medical practice and research. She went on to read Global Ethics/Research Ethics at Ethox Centre. After obtaining her D.Phil she had three aims: one, to teach and disseminate the knowledge gained as a practicing physician with a keen interest and understanding of moral philosophy. Two, to promote ethical research, with special focus on decision making and consent procedures in varied cultural contexts, and justice in clinical research (to which as a member of the Health Research Authority REC she is able to contribute). Three, to continue conducting empirical ethics research that informs practice. Aisha was the Research Fellow on ‘Phronesis and the Medical Community' (PMC) project, an empirical ethics project that explored how doctors cultivate practical wisdom and use it to make ‘good’ decisions in particular contexts. Subsequently, as Senior Research Fellow she was involved with the follow-on project - ‘Phronesis and the Medical Community: Impact and Engagement’. The main objective of the last project was to engage with academics, medical ethics teachers and trainers and use the resources developed from the findings of the research. These are the videos, tutor notes, and an app. Aisha developed a staged approach to using the virtues gleaned from the participants’ narratives. These stages form the three wheels of the app. and undergird the importance of a patient-centred approach whilst being cognizant of the context in which decisions are made – decisions that are in the best interest of the patient, and the wider community. As a Distance -Learning Tutor for the Bioethics course at the Dept. for Continuing Education, University of Oxford, Aisha realizes the importance of adaptability when teaching and assessing students from different cultures and academic backgrounds. In addition, working as Senior Teaching Fellow at Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, she developed OSCEs that were specific to assessing Law and Ethics. She is of the view that the videos developed at the conclusion of the PMC project are useful not only for teaching but also for assessing students in Ethics and Law.

Dr. Chris Turner


Chris is an experienced doctor who works full time as a Consultant in Emergency Medicine at the University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW). Chris has wide experience of teaching medical students and trainees on general aspects of emergency care and lectures at both Birmingham and Warwick Medical schools on ethical decision making. Chris also lectures nationally on approaches to clinical governance and on the impact of different behaviours in the workplace as the lead on the “Civility Saves Lives” project. He is committed to education and, as well as co-running a national conference on delivering education in emergency settings, has contributed significantly to the department he works in being named the best emergency medicine department for education in the UK for 2017. As a steering group member on the Phronesis and Medical Community research project/s Chris provides invaluable advice based on his front line experience.

Dr. Richard Bosworth


Richard has been involved with the Phronesis Foundation since 2018 and is now an Associate of the project. He is the Phronesis Foundation's lead web and mobile developer, and is responsible for maintaining the digital resources used in independent learning and group sessions. He developed the digital wisdom wheel that invites interactive exploration of the key virtues discovered in the "Phronesis and the Medical Community" research project.

Aside from his work with the project, he is a GP Trainee in the West Midlands and applies his knowledge of the Phronesis Foundation's key virtues in guiding decisions in daily practice. He aims to introduce other medical professionals to the resources so that they can also use them in their clinical practice.

Dr. Richard Knox


Dr Richard Knox is a clinical associate professor in primary care education in the University of Nottingham. He is currently deputy lead for primary care education, and Co-Director of Professionalism and Ethics for the School of Medicine.

His main teaching interests are professionalism, ethics, primary care and educational development. He has a Masters in Medical Education, which he achieved with Distinction. His main research interests lie in professionalism, ethics and patient safety.

He is a member of the ethics committee at the Royal College of General Practitioners. He is external examiner at the University of Birmingham Medical School, and at St Mary’s University, Twickenham for their Masters in Healthcare Law and Ethics.